More Like Lions than Men

Sir William Brereton and the Cheshire Army of Parliament, 1642-46

Andrew Abram

Focuses on the composition, leadership, equipping, financing and war service of the Cheshire army of parliament commanded by Sir William Brereton between 1642 and 1646.
Publication date:
January 2020
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Language:
English
Series :
Century of the Soldier
Illustration :
32 b/w ills, 6 maps, 7pp colour plates
Format Available     Quantity Price
Paperback
ISBN : 9781913118822

Dimensions : 248 X 180 mm
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Not Yet Published. Available for PreOrder.
£29.95

Overview
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• Written and extensively researched by utilizing a wide range of archival sources, many of which are studied and published for the first time
• Provides an in-depth description of an important regional parliamentarian army, down to the sub-unit level of individual troops, companies and ancillary units
• Offers new insights and interpretations of features such as recruitment, leadership, clothing, equipment, officers and unit colours
• Employs the composition, character and fighting ability of the Cheshire forces under Sir William Brereton to contend that the local or regional dimension of the English Civil Wars was of vital importance in shaping the wider conflict

Based on primary archival research (much of which remains unpublished), supported by fieldtrips to battlefields and castles, More Like Lions than Men represents the first focused and sustained study of the recruitment, organisation, payment, equipping, leadership and war service of the forces raised and maintained in the service of parliament in Cheshire between 1642 and 1646. The Cheshire army of parliament was commanded by the devout, energetic and strategically astute Sir William Brereton, MP for the county. As a important ‘regional' force it undertook the extended war aims and strategy of the parliament in Cheshire (and in particular, its primary objective, the reduction and capture of the royalist stronghold of Chester). Led and trained by a number of officers of experience and ability (including Michael Jones, Robert Venables, and some professional soldiers, such as James Lothian), it often operated in conjunction with other forces and under various regional commands throughout the northwest, as well as the Midland counties, North Wales, Lancashire and Yorkshire, wherein its troops and companies served together or were ‘brigaded' with others. These were bolstered in 1644 by the absorption of high quality, veteran troops of Charles I's army in Ireland, who had been captured at Nantwich and Liverpool.

Cheshire and the northwest were no backwaters during the first civil war, and on occasion Brereton's forces became embroiled in events of a more national complexion, such as the landing of the royalist army from Ireland in late 1643, the advance of Prince Rupert through the Welsh Marches, Cheshire and Lancashire during the summer of 1644, and the arrival of Charles I in a temporary relief of Chester 1645.Like other parliamentarian forces, the Cheshire troops were noted for their religious fervour, partly in that they were raised, shaped, motivated and led by radical independent and Presbyterian officers, as well as godly ministers. Yet despite its effectiveness and military experience, parts of the army suffered from pay arrears and subsequent mutinies, as well as organisational problems that stretched resources, and at points created breakdowns in discipline and moral. Moreover, Sir William Brereton's authority as commander-in-chief in Cheshire came under threat in 1645 in the form of divergent war aims and rivalries among subordinates.

The Cheshire army of parliament is well served by archival sources. This includes contemporary news-books, correspondence, warrants, petitions, accounts of sequestration committees and army officers, certificates of service and illustrations of cavalry standards, contained in various repositories and private collections, but especially The National Archives and the British Library. The five surviving volumes of letter books of Sir William Brereton remain invaluable to our understanding of the scope and day-to-day operations of Sir William and his army. Such sources present an invaluable, if largely untapped source for the centralised pay, equipping and composition of the Cheshire parliamentarian forces. Split into three broad sections, this book provides three chapters outlining up-to-date research on the military role of the army in Cheshire and beyond between autumn 1642 and spring 1646; the central part offers four chapters on the composition of the Cheshire forces, including recruitment, training and leadership, as well as the ‘sinews of war' (money, ammunition and provisions), standards, clothing and equipment. The remaining section provides in-depth information on the combat units of Brereton's army, in addition to its ‘support arms' of gunners, engineers, pioneers, intelligence services and chaplains.

More Like Lions than Men explores the context, nature and composition of the Cheshire forces indetail, in order to give credence to the notion that this was an effective, seasoned and important fighting force, albeit mainly on a regional stage. As such it adds significantly to our knowledge of the parliamentary war effort and civil war forces in the northwest of England and beyond, whilst appealing to anyone with an interest in military history, including academics, local historians, re-enactors and wargamers.