Up Against the Wall

The KGB and Latvia

Vincent Hunt

A hundred years of oppression, seen through the eyes of Latvians - first as the oppressors, then as the oppressed. After WWII and the Cold War, Latvia experienced fifty years of Soviet domination. The KGB's methods are laid bare in true stories of interrogation, torture, execution and deportation to Siberia: this is not for the squeamish.
Publication date:
February 2019
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Language:
English
Illustration :
80 b/w photos, 4 maps, 3 tables
Format Available     Quantity Price
Hardback
ISBN : 9781911628835

Dimensions : 234 X 156 mm
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£25.00

Overview
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• This is the first book to tell the real stories of how the KGB kept order in totalitarian Latvia. KGB methods are laid bare: the killings, beatings and deportations.
• Detailed information about British and American Cold War spying missions in the USSR and the KGB's penetration of MI6 and the CIA, including stories about Gary Power and British recruitment of SS veterans as potential spies.
• Highlights the role of Latvians in setting up the Soviet secret police after the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 and the scale of Stalin's slaughter of the old guard in the Purges of 1937-38.

A hard-hitting history of the Soviet security police in totalitarian Latvia - with Latvians as both oppressors and oppressed.Through the stories of people held as prisoners, never told before in English,Up Against the Wall details the methods of a brutal totalitarian regime and the bloody twists and turns of Latvia's long and complicated relationship with the Soviet security police. This is not for the squeamish.
At the KGB headquarters in Riga - the Corner House, or StūraMāja - suspects were questioned and executed during the ‘Year of Terror' in 1940-41. When the Soviets returned in 1944 vast numbers of Latvians fled and a war of resistance fought from the forests by partisans lasted nearly a decade. The years of Soviet rule ended only in 1991.

The author presents harrowing personal testimonies of those imprisoned, tortured and deported to Siberian gulags by the KGB, drawing from museum archives and interviews translated into English for this book as well as from declassified CIA files, KGB records and his own research in Latvia. He interviews human rights activists, partisans, KGB experts and those who led Latvia to independence in the 1990s and explores the role of Latvian KGB double agents in defeating anti-Soviet partisan groups and the West's Cold War spying missions.

Ironically it was the feared Latvian Riflemen who helped crush the Bolsheviks' political rivals after the 1917 Revolution and defeat the British-backed White generals in the vicious Civil War of 1918-22, while Latvia itself became independent. Their reward was top jobs in the Soviet regime, including in the Cheka security police, the forerunner to the NKVD and KGB. But Stalin turned on the Latvians in the 1930s and mercilessly purged the old guard. When the Baltics were carved up by Hitler and Stalin, the Red Army killed or deported anyone opposing Soviet power in a period known as the ‘Year of Terror'.

Fifty years of occupation followed WWII as through the Cold War and into the late 1980s Latvian society was in the grip of the KGB. For 27 years after the collapse of the Soviet regime Latvian politicians argued over whether to publish the secret files of KGB agents. The book's final chapter deals with the decision in December 2018 for the ‘Cheka Bags' to be opened, making Latvia's last KGB secrets public.

REVIEWS

This book should be in every thinktank and university whose area of interest is the post-Soviet space, and especially the Baltic countries.
Efrayim Gordon